For our purposes, perhaps the most important point is that both positions highlight a series of factors important to responsibility and mutual accountability. These factors include: general responsiveness to others (for instance, via moral reasoning or feelings such as sympathy); a sense of responsibility for our actions (for instance, so that we may offer reasons for our actions or feel emotions of shame or guilt); and tendencies to regard others as responsible (for instance, to respect persons as the authors of their deeds and to feel resentful or grateful to them). In each case, note that the first example in brackets has a typically Kantian (reason-based) cast, the second a Humean (feeling/emotion-related) cast.
When a parent understands via a bullying essay, video, or a story that bullying is happening on the playground, in the school, on the bus, or online, an honest discussion needs to take place. A parent needs to inform their child that harmful behavior is unacceptable. Teach your child to stand up for themselves consistently, and be unafraid to involve the authorities which includes the school administration. Abusive behavior has consequences, and should not be encouraged to continue. To additionally support their child who is being bullied, parents may keep a journal or have their child write a bullying essay of sorts to express their feelings about the bullying situation.